Triglycerides are fatty acids derived from the diet or are produced by the liver from glycerol and other fatty acids (1,2,3,4) , .
Triglycerides are used in the diagnosis and treatment of patients who have Diabetes mellitus, nephrosis, liver obstruction, lipid metabolism disorders, and other endocrine disease10.

Triglycerides are often used to determine the equilibrium between the ingestion of fat and its metabolism and is a marker of coronary heart disease risk4.

Why Test?

Having a high level of triglycerides may increase your risk of heart disease.

Triglycerides cause insulin resistance and therefore are implicated in syndrome X.

The most common cause of high triglycerides is habitual overeating. Some other causes are alcohol consumption, uncontrolled diabetes, hormone abnormalities, medication use, kidney disease, liver disease and some genetic disorders.




1. Smith, C., Marks, A.D., & Lieberman, M. (2005). Marks’ Basic Medical Biochemistry – A Clinical Approach (2nd Ed). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, USA. IBSN 0-7817-2145-8.
2. Nelson, D.L. & Cox, M.M. (2005). Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry (4th Ed). W.H.Freeman and Company. New York, USA.
3. Wilson, D.D. (2007). Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Testing. McGraw-Hill. DOI: 10.1036/97800715940
4. Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T.J. (2014). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests (5th Ed.), Elsevier, Missouri. ISBN 978-0-323-08949-4
10. Roche Diagnostics. (2010). Cobas Integra 400/800 Triglycerides. Roche Diagnostics. Mannheim, USA.